Ultracold atoms have been successfully trapped in an array of magnetic micro-traps with a period of 700 nm based on patterned permanent magnetic film. The created atomic lattice system is analogous to a crystal lattice in a solid material. The study of this well-controlled atomic lattice system in lab helps us to understand the behaviour of more complicated solid materials. This may contribute to the creation of new types of materials in the future.
Copyright © 2017 Yibo Wang.
Presented in fulfillment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Swinburne University of Technology, 2017.