Understanding non-work presenteeism: Relationships between emotional intelligence, boredom, procrastination and job stress

Author(s)

Wan, Howe Chern; Downey, Luke A.; Stough, Con

Abstract

Non-work related presenteeism refers to the behaviour of employees who engage in personal activities instead of work-related activities whilst at work. Currently, limited research exists concerning non-work related presenteeism, despite the suggestion that it can financially impact organisations more than absenteeism. The aim of the present study was to examine whether any significant relationships existed between non-work related presenteeism and four theoretically linked psychological variables: emotional intelligence (EI), job stress, boredom, and procrastination. Data was collected via an online questionnaire. A sample of 57 male and 127 female full-time employees across several industries and organisations completed the surveys. As hypothesised, a significant relationship was observed between non-work related presenteeism and EI (r = -0.25), boredom (r = 0.33) and procrastination (r = 0.26). Self-reported levels of job stress, however, were not significantly related to non-work related presenteeism. These results suggest that developing EI and improving job-related engagement may decrease non-work presenteeism.

Publication year

2014

Publication type

Journal article

Source

Personality and Individual Differences, Vol. 65 (Jul 2014), pp. 86-90

ISSN

0191-8869

Publisher

Elsevier

Copyright

Copyright © 2014 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Details