Accuracy of three-dimensional measurement using a single image


Iovenitti, Pio

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The accuracy of 3-D measurement using a single image of a four-point coplanar target of known size is studied. The factors that influence accuracy are analyzed and experimental techniques are used to establish their individual effect on accuracy. Experiments show that the four-point coplanar target has two solutions for real images and that mixing these causes large errors. It is concluded that when the target is approximately parallel to the image plane, the accuracy is significantly better compared to other target orientations, and that image distance is a critical factor affecting accuracy in the depth, while the effect of the other factors on accuracy is relatively insignificant. A new calibration technique is introduced that determines an average image distance over the image plane within the depth of focus and improves accuracy at close range.

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Journal article


Optical Engineering, Vol. 36, no. 1 (Jan 1997), pp. 47-55






Copyright © 1997 Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers. This paper was originally published in Optical Engineering (vol. 36, no. 1), and is available from: The published version is reproduced in accordance with the copyright policy of the publisher. One print or electronic copy may be made for personal use only. Systematic electronic or print reproduction and distribution, duplication of any material in this paper for a fee or for commercial purposes, or modification of the content are prohibited.