Competition between crystal and fibril formation in molecular mutations of amyloidogenic peptides

Author(s)

Reynolds, Nicholas P.; Adamcik, Jozef; Berryman, Joshua T.; Handschin, Stephan; Zanjani, Ali Asghar Hakami; Li, Wen; Liu, Kun; Zhang, Afang; Mezzenga, Raffaele

Available versions

Abstract

Amyloidogenic model peptides are invaluable for investigating assembly mechanisms in disease related amyloids and in protein folding. During aggregation, such peptides can undergo bifurcation leading to fibrils or crystals, however the mechanisms of fibril-to-crystal conversion are unclear. We navigate herein the energy landscape of amyloidogenic peptides by studying a homologous series of hexapeptides found in animal, human and disease related proteins. We observe fibril-to-crystal conversion occurring within single aggregates via untwisting of twisted ribbon fibrils possessing saddle-like curvature and cross-sectional aspect ratios approaching unity. Changing sequence, pH or concentration shifts the growth towards larger aspect ratio species assembling into stable helical ribbons possessing mean-curvature. By comparing atomistic calculations of desolvation energies for association of peptides we parameterise a kinetic model, providing a physical explanation of fibril-to-crystal interconversion. These results shed light on the self-assembly of amyloidogenic peptides, suggesting amyloid crystals, not fibrils, represent the ground state of the protein folding energy landscape.

Publication year

2017

Publication type

Journal article

Source

Nature Communications, Vol. 8, no. 1 (Dec 2017), article no. 1338

ISSN

2041-1723

Publisher

Nature Publishing Group

Copyright

Copyright © 2017 The Author(s).This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.

Additional information

Also see Correction published at https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-017-02141-8 - "The original version of this article contained an error in Fig. 5c. The label for the back series of columns was incorrectly given as ‘1.5 mM pH 2’, rather than the correct ‘1.5 mM pH 7’. This has now been corrected in both the PDF and HTML versions of the article." Corrected PDF available here also.

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