The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: hierarchical galaxy clustering


Baugh, Carlton; Croton, Darren J.; Gaztanaga, Enrique; Norberg, Peder; Colless, Matthew; Baldry, Ivan K.; Bland-Hawthorn, Joss; Bridges, Terry J.; Cannon, Russell D.; Cole, Shaun; Collins, Chris A.; Couch, Warrick J.; Dalton, Gavin B.; De Propris, Roberto; Driver, Simon P.; Efstathiou, George P.; Ellis, Richard S.; Frenk, Carlos S.; Glazebrook, Karl; Jackson, C. A.; Lahav, Ofer; Lewis, Ian; Lumsden, Stuart; Maddox, Stephen J.; Madgwick, Darren; Peacock, John A.; Peterson, Bruce A.; Sutherland, William J.; Taylor, Keith

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We use the Two-Degree Field Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) to test the hierarchical scaling hypothesis: namely, that the p-point galaxy correlation functions can be written in terms of the two-point correlation function or variance. This scaling is expected if an initially Gaussian distribution of density fluctuations evolves under the action of gravitational instability. We measure the volume-averaged p-point correlation functions using a counts-in-cells technique applied to a volume-limited sample of 44 931 L* galaxies. We demonstrate that L* galaxies display hierarchical clustering up to order p = 6 in redshift space. The variance measured for L* galaxies is in excellent agreement with the predictions from a Λ-cold dark matter N-body simulation. This applies to all cell radii considered, 0.3 < (R/h-1 Mpc) < 30. However, the higher order correlation functions of L* galaxies have a significantly smaller amplitude than is predicted for the dark matter for R < 10 h-1 Mpc. This disagreement implies that a non-linear bias exists between the dark matter and L* galaxies on these scales. We also show that the presence of two rare, massive superclusters in the 2dFGRS has an impact on the higher-order clustering moments measured on large scales.

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Journal article


Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 351, no. 2 (Jun 2004), pp. L44-L49






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