'You can play with the ball, but don't get dirty': A hierarchy of heterosexual women's gender expressions


Watson-Bonnice, Kythera

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This research how femininities are understood and experienced by Australian heterosexual women, and develops language for conceptualising the hierarchies within femininities, and femininities and masculinities. Furthermore, through analysis of gender maneuvering this research provides insight into the intricacies of the relationship between structure and agency in expressing one’s gender. Motivated by a lack theoretical works on multiple femininities, this thesis uses focus groups with different communities of practice to understand how women’s gender expressions are constructed hierarchically, and to examine the complexities around embodying various forms of femininities.

Publication year


Thesis supervisor

Paula Geldens, Lucy Nicholas and Karen Farharquarson

Publication type

Thesis (PhD)


Copyright © 2018 Kythera Watson-Bonnice.

Thesis note

Submitted in fulfilment of the requirements of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty of Health, Arts, and Design, Swinburne University of Technology, 2018.