Academics teaching software development courses are experimenting with teaching methods aiming to improve students’ learning experience and learning outcomes. Since Agile software development is gaining popularity in industry due to positive effects on managing projects, academics implement similar Agile approaches in student-centered learning environments. In this paper, we discuss teaching introductory programming based on Scrum. Our learning environment, supported by the Doubtfire learning management system, fosters perceived autonomy and perceived competence by providing tools and opportunities for self-regulated learners to adjust their learning strategies. Evaluation of the learning environment revealed that students want to be in control of their learning.
Many young people involved with the youth justice system have a history of contact with child protection services. In addition, there is robust evidence that children with a history of maltreatment are at increased risk of involvement with the criminal justice system. However, there are few studies that examine potential causal mechanisms underlying this association. This paper will present data from 217 young offenders in custody, 50% with a substantiated history with child protection services. The group with a history of maltreatment is compared to the group without a known history of maltreatment to explore the prevalence of symptoms that are potential mediators and moderators of the association between maltreatment and offending. Variables considered include, substance abuse, cognitive functioning, emotional recognition, impulsivity, anxiety, depression, and social isolation. The limitations of these data and directions for future research in this area will be discussed.
This systematic review and meta-analysis provides a narrative and quantitative synthesis of existing literature examining the efficacy of psychological interventions for adult violent offenders. It takes a broad approach, synthesizing studies across prison populations, community corrections, and forensic mental health settings. The primary review questions are: (a) Are psychological interventions with adult violent offenders in custodial, community, and forensic mental health settings effective in reducing further violent and criminal behavior? (b) What factors modify treatment effects? The paper also explores what individual-level variables might change within treatment, and offers clinical practice recommendations for addressing the needs of this complex population.
Technology is being extensively used among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in affluent countries. However, there is a paucity of studies exploring the use of technology for children with ASD in developing countries like Sri Lanka. Therefore, we explore the key considerations for designing software applications for children with ASD by interviewing 32 parents and 18 practitioners of children with ASD. Our findings suggest that to effectively support children with ASD in Sri Lanka, technological interventions should focus on multi-player functionalities to promote social interactions. We further identified the characteristics that are required in a software application to effectively support children with ASD in Sri Lanka, namely support for 1) timers to avoid screen addiction, 2) tangible user interfaces, 3) customization, and 4) cultural context. Based on the results, we provide recommendations to design technology for Sri Lankan children with ASD.
Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often have impairments in social interactions with peers. Digital technology, in the form of computerized applications, can be used as a remedy for this, even though there is a paucity of such applications in low-resource regions like Sri Lanka. Therefore, we conducted co-design workshops to develop tablet applications to improve social interactions of children with ASD in Sri Lanka. 18 experienced practitioners who work closely with children with ASD in Sri Lanka participated in the workshops and co-designed two prototypes called Picture to Object Matching Application (POMA) and Word to Picture Matching Application (WPMA). We present the design process along with the insights gained from the workshops, which we believe are valuable for designing software applications for children with ASD in Sri Lanka.
Very little research has been conducted to show the way in which criminal behavior unfolds over the life-course in children who have been sexually abused, and whether it differs from the ‘age-crime’ patterns consistently documented in the criminology literature. This study investigated the temporal pathways of criminal offending between the ages of 10-25 years among medically confirmed cases of child sexual abuse (CSA), and considered whether abuse variables, offense variables, and the presence of other adverse outcomes, were associated with heterogeneity in offending pathways among CSA survivors. This study utilized data gathered as part of a large-scale study involving the linkage of forensic examinations on 2,759 cases of medically ascertained CSA between 1964-
1995, to criminal justice and public psychiatric databases 13-44 years following abuse, together with a matched comparison sample of 2,677 individuals. We used the subsample of 283 offending individuals (191 victims; 92 comparisons) for whom complet…
Academics teaching software development courses are experimenting with teaching methods aiming to improve students' learning experience and learning outcomes. Since Agile software development is gaining popularity in industry due to positive effects on managing projects, academics implement similar Agile approaches in student-centered learning environments. In this paper, we discuss teaching introductory programming based on Scrum. Our learning environment, supported by the Doubtfire learning management system, fosters perceived autonomy and perceived competence by providing tools and opportunities for self-regulated learners to adjust their learning strategies. Evaluation of the learning environment revealed that students want to be in control of their learning
Nano-texturing of surface by self-organised ablation ripples as well as modifications of internal volume of materials, transparent at the wavelength of laser irradiation, is gaining interest due to simplicity of direct laser writing/printing. With ultra-short laser pulses (τp < 1 ps) a wider range of structuring morphologies is accessible, namely, sub-wavelength ripples. The surface wave formed on the plasma-dielectric (air or substrate) explains difference of the formed pattern. These corresponding front- and back-side (in respect to the incoming laser beam) modes of laser structuring accounts for the ripple formation inside transparent materials, where a skin-layer plasma is formed. Emerging applications of nano-textured surfaces for bio-medical field are discussed.
This paper is concerned with the regional stabilization problem for discrete time-delay systems with actuator saturations. Different from the existing delay-independent techniques handling the saturation nonlinearity, a delay-dependent polytopic approach is first proposed in a discrete-time framework. Then, by combining with the augmented Lyapunov-Krasovskii functionals, the discrete Wirtinger-based inequality and some novel analysis techniques, improved delay-dependent regional stabilization conditions are established by means of linear matrix inequalities. Finally, it is shown via a numerical example that our proposed results are less conservative than some existing ones yet providing a larger estimate of the initial condition set.
Sustainability assessment is a key method that offers a platform from which the private sector can implement systematic processes to address sustainability. While this presents a unique opportunity for broadening the use of sustainability assessments, this is constrained by the lack of commonly accepted processes and little empirical evidence on private sector practices. This study directly engages with this dilemma, examining the initiation step of the sustainability assessment from a procedural framework perspective. A multiple case study approach is utilised with semi-structured interviews of 32 respondents from nine multinational enterprises operating in the manufacturing industry of Indonesia. Findings indicate the initiation step is initially directed by regulatory compliance, with organisations using checklists based on mandatory sustainability issues to consider. The majority of organisations go beyond this compliance approach, however, with the role of the headquarters directing these organisations t…