Abstract not available.
Are local schools the beating heart of our communities? Or are they underutilised public assets, closed out of school hours and off limits to local residents? A new discussion paper on the extended use of schools released by New South Wales Labor asks these questions and raises a significant national issue. Australia has more than 9,000 schools, located in almost every community. But discussion over the best use of these key public assets struggles for public attention in policy debate focussed on big ticket transport and utility infrastructure.
Embracing appropriate management strategies to ensu re the sustainability of groundwater resource under climate is decisive for tropical karst islands. In this study, long term impacts of climate variability on groundwater recha rge and discharge at the Oemau spring, Rote Island, Indonesia using HadCM3-GCM predictor variab les for the H3A2a and H3B2a climate scenarios were investigated. The analysis suggests that the sustainability of groundwater resources generally varies over the period and will be adversely affected by climate change during dry years when the area is projected to expe rience supply shortage of around 29-67 L/s as a result of 5.24-23.63% decrease of rainfall, 2. 48-24.57% reduction of recharge, and 2.53- 22.80% decrease of spring discharge, under HadCM3 G CM scenarios. A subsequent comprehensive set of management strategies as palli ative and adaptive efforts was proposed to be implemented by relevant stakeholders to assist t he community dealing with water deficit during the dry years.
Public wi-fi, the provision of internet connectivity in public areas using Wi-Fi™ wireless local area network technology operating in generally unlicensed radiofrequency spectrum, is emerging as a key part of the urban communications ecology. While the twenty four APEC+ economies1 covered in this report make up a broad typology of public wi-fi provision, our research suggests that overall investment in wi-fi provision is increasing, and forecasts of mobile data usage suggest continued demand pressures.
The paper focuses on the link between regional development, social enterprise and digital infrastructure, through analysis of an initiative in Goulburn NSW, in which local entrepreneurs rigged up a wi-fi network, providing free internet access to the public in the city's main street. Public wi-fi, like open source software, the DIY and hacker movement, can be understood as 'inverse infrastructure': an emergent challenge to the modernist conception of infrastructure as centrally-provided large-scale technical systems such as electricity and water utilities (Egyedi et al. 2012). Inverse infrastructures may be enterprise-level responses to state or market failure, such as municipal broadband, or less formal citizen-based activities, such as community wireless networks. Such community-level initiatives are not necessarily demonstration sites of civic affiliation or bespoke provision. They involve competing interests, wavering volunteer commitment to repair and maintenance and the myriad disruptions caused by phys…
A strategic alliance describes formal cooperation between two or more organizations in an attempt to realize their individual objectives, to convert new knowledge based on mutual organizational learning into usable resources, and to compete more effectively. While strategic alliance management remains a complex process; alliance formation, operation, and outcome are generally seen as three major stages of alliance development.