To achieve long-term sustainability a fundamental shift or transformation of a societal system is
required. Research on how such fundamental transformative change processes –societal transitions develop is important for understanding their nature and the possibilities to influence them. The
research objective of the present thesis is to add to our insights on the dynamics of societal transitions by an overall understanding of how societal systems behave over the course of a transition. As a first step, we conceptualize societal transitions as continuous cyclical processes that shift a societal system between stages of dynamic equilibrium. Driving Forces contribute to the shifting from one dynamic equilibrium to another. We propose a framework of Driving Forces of Transformative Change that include: (a) Formation forces, which represent the innovative potential of the societal system and include: Presence of a niche, Presence of a societal demand; Presence of new practices; (b) Support forces, which depict the…
Flood defense in Jakarta is a critical activity especially in the light of climate change that will increase the vulnerability of this low-lying metropolis. Despite the urgency for action, flood defense policy making and project implementation have been lengthy and strenuous in the past. Climate change creates urgency for action and requires adaptive infrastructures.
Jakarta is a city located in low delta area and exposed to flood attacks annually. Of the 65 000 ha area of Jakarta, about half is situated in flood prone areas. According to the current data of the Jakarta Public Works Agency, there are about 78 areas in Jakarta that are prone to flooding (www.pu.go.id). Until today, flood risk remains a threat to Jakarta and the magnitude of floods is amplifying over the last decade (e.g. flood events on 1996, 2002 and 2007). Flooding impacts widespread areas, inducing huge economic and social damages (NEDECO, 2002; Bappenas, 2007). According to prior studies (Steinberg, 2007), one factor contributing to the wo…
In this chapter we present the transitions approach as an integrated perspective to understand and possibly orient our society towards sustainable development. Since the concept of sustainability is inherently normative, subjective and ambiguous, we argue that (unlike some more traditional approaches to sustainable development) we should focus on an open facilitation and stimulation of social processes towards sustainability. The transitions approach and transition management specifically, seek to deal with ongoing changes in society in an evolutionary manner so as to influence these ongoing changes in terms of speed and direction: towards sustainability. A transitions approach to explore sustainability transitions poses novel challenges for research: there are no unequivocal answers, nor it is clear how these processes should be governed. We conclude our analysis by formulating the basic research questions central to the search for governance for sustainability, and by reflecting on the role of science in su…
This doctoral research is aimed on multiscale development and investigation of properties of fiber-reinforced strain-hardening geopolymer composite. Typically high cement content is used in counterpart Portland cement- based composites resulting in high autogenous shrinkage, heat of hydration, and cost. Geopolymer is studied as a sustainable alternative to Portland cement. In summary, the performances of the developed geopolymer composites are either comparable or superior to the counterpart Portland cement-based composites in all mechanical aspects considered in this doctoral research. At the same time, they have significantly lower environmental footprints as compared to the counterpart Portland cement-based composites.
Research indicates that inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with significant reductions in psychological wellbeing and quality of life (QoL). The aim of this study was to examine whether illness beliefs, coping styles, self-efficacy, and dispositional mindfulness mediate this relationship, as guided by the socio-cognitive common-sense model (CSM) by Leventhal et al. (1980). The findings highlight the importance of considering illness perceptions, coping style (adaptive versus maladaptive) and self-efficacy that influence an individual’s psychological distress and Quality of life.
This research examines the impact of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) on the predictive ability and value relevance of financial statement fundamental information (signals). Additionally, this research examines IFRS impact on analysts’ efficiency in using these fundamental signals for their earnings forecasts. The sample is listed companies selected from 11 European countries and Australia. The findings have high practical application for capital market participants, particularly for investors and financial analysts, but are likely to be of interest also to financial statement preparers, policymakers, standard setters and those in countries considering IFRS adoption.
Service life of a self-pierced riveted joint is affected by various types of corrosion and fretting. Application of a coating to the self-pierce rivets can increase the corrosion and mechanical properties of the rivet and the joint. Nanocrystalline materials provide advanced properties to microcrystalline material therefore, in this thesis nanocrystalline zinc-tin coatings were synthetized as an advanced coating for self-piercing rivets and their corrosion and mechanical properties were compared with ultra-fine grained structured coatings.
The ideal scaffolds for creating synthetic small diameter blood vessels have not yet been found. The limitations of implanting these scaffolds are thrombosis formation, intimal hyperplasia and aneurysmal dilation. Electrospinning technique fabricates polymer fibrous scaffolds with average fibre diameters ranging from 50 to 500 nm which is similar to those observed in extracellular matrix of native blood vessels. Therefore, it promotes the adhesion, proliferation and growth of cells. Herein, styrene-butadiene-styrene (SBS) copolymers has been electrospun and its mechanical properties has been tuned. SBS promoted endothelial cell adhesion and proliferation and provided new surface structure for different tissue engineering applications.
This thesis examines the performance of learning by online university students. Data was generated from four case studies of second year subjects: observations of students in their online subjects, a content analysis of 1,857 discussion board posts, and a document analysis of the learning materials. This data was strengthened by 120 student questionnaires, 20 student interviews, and six teacher interviews. Drawing from studies of education, and the conceptual frameworks of Goffman (1959) and Lave and Wenger (1991), I developed a participation typology that illustrates how online students resituate their roles and reconceptualise the curriculum across multiple online and offline settings.
This thesis analyses various carbon management strategies adopted by Australia’s top 200 listed firms, and examines the impact of internal organisational factors and stakeholder pressure in driving the adoption of such strategies. The findings of this thesis suggest that firms adopt different types of carbon management strategies through the use of strategic resources to manage many perspectives and conflicting interests of stakeholders. This thesis has important implications for managers, policy makers and other stakeholders in dealing with climate change as it provides an understanding of drivers and impact of carbon management strategies adopted by business organisations.