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Five strategies for adaptive governance of Jakarta’s Urban Delta: lessons from Jakarta’s Eastern Flood Canal’s evaluation

Flood defense in Jakarta is a critical activity especially in the light of climate change that will increase the vulnerability of this low-lying metropolis. Despite the urgency for action, flood defense policy making and project implementation have been lengthy and strenuous in the past. Climate change creates urgency for action and requires adaptive infrastructures. Jakarta is a city located in low delta area and exposed to flood attacks annually. Of the 65 000 ha area of Jakarta, about half is situated in flood prone areas. According to the current data of the Jakarta Public Works Agency, there are about 78 areas in Jakarta that are prone to flooding (www.pu.go.id). Until today, flood risk remains a threat to Jakarta and the magnitude of floods is amplifying over the last decade (e.g. flood events on 1996, 2002 and 2007). Flooding impacts widespread areas, inducing huge economic and social damages (NEDECO, 2002; Bappenas, 2007). According to prior studies (Steinberg, 2007), one factor contributing to the wo…

Author: Simanjuntak, Imelda, Frantzeskaki, Niki, Enserink, Bert
Publication year: 2011
Publication type: Seminar, speech or other presentation
Source: World Delta Summit, Jakarta, Indonesia, 21-24 November 2011
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 5:32 PM
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A transition research perspective on governance for sustainability

In this chapter we present the transitions approach as an integrated perspective to understand and possibly orient our society towards sustainable development. Since the concept of sustainability is inherently normative, subjective and ambiguous, we argue that (unlike some more traditional approaches to sustainable development) we should focus on an open facilitation and stimulation of social processes towards sustainability. The transitions approach and transition management specifically, seek to deal with ongoing changes in society in an evolutionary manner so as to influence these ongoing changes in terms of speed and direction: towards sustainability. A transitions approach to explore sustainability transitions poses novel challenges for research: there are no unequivocal answers, nor it is clear how these processes should be governed. We conclude our analysis by formulating the basic research questions central to the search for governance for sustainability, and by reflecting on the role of science in su…

Author: Loorbach, Derk, Frantzeskaki, Niki, Thissen, Wil
Publication year: 2011
Publication type: Book chapter
Source: European Research on Sustainable Development / Carlo C. Jaeger, J. David Tabara, Julia Jaeger (eds.)
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 5:32 PM
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Dynamics of societal transitions: driving forces and feedback loops

To achieve long-term sustainability a fundamental shift or transformation of a societal system is required. Research on how such fundamental transformative change processes –societal transitions develop is important for understanding their nature and the possibilities to influence them. The research objective of the present thesis is to add to our insights on the dynamics of societal transitions by an overall understanding of how societal systems behave over the course of a transition. As a first step, we conceptualize societal transitions as continuous cyclical processes that shift a societal system between stages of dynamic equilibrium. Driving Forces contribute to the shifting from one dynamic equilibrium to another. We propose a framework of Driving Forces of Transformative Change that include: (a) Formation forces, which represent the innovative potential of the societal system and include: Presence of a niche, Presence of a societal demand; Presence of new practices; (b) Support forces, which depict the…

Author: Frantzeskaki, Niki
Publication year: 2011
Publication type: Thesis (non-Swinburne)
Source: Thesis submitted in fulfilments of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosphy, Delft University of Technology, the Netherlands, 2011.
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 5:32 PM
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Governing societal transitions to sustainability

Our paper addresses the inherent tension between the open-ended and uncertain process of sustainability transitions and the ambition for governing such a process. We explore this tension from two theoretical angles: the sustainability and the governance angles; by showing the implications of sustainability targets in governance processes and governance attempts. We propose transition management as a governance approach that has the potential to overcome this tension through selective participatory processes of envisioning, negotiating, learning and experimenting. Transition management includes a portfolio of tools that have a common objective to enable change in practices and structures directed towards sustainable development targets. We present the transition arena and the transition experiments as two transition management tools elaborating on their process design, expected outcomes and illustrating their application in the Dutch construction transition.

Author: Frantzeskaki, Niki, Loorbach, Derk, Meadowcroft, James
Publication year: 2012
Publication type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Sustainable Development
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 3:32 PM
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Concluding editorial: Sustainability transitions and their governance: lessons and next-step challenges

In this concluding editorial, we present the central observations regarding the theoretical, empirical and methodological explorations of the various articles that make up this special issue on the governability of societal transitions towards sustainability. We elaborate on the specific contributions of each article to the governance of sustainability transitions and the transition management approach and identify interesting similarities and differences between the various articles. Next, we revisit the guiding questions we formulated in the introductory editorial, and we answer these questions by synthesising the contributions of the eight articles regarding: 1 which theoretical perspectives are fruitful 2 which empirical pathways and governance principles are available and valuable for governing sustainability transitions 3 what we learnt about the governability of sustainability transitions 4 how special sustainability transitions are as far as efforts to govern them are concerned 5 which normative issue…

Author: Frantzeskaki, Niki, Koppenjan, Joop, Loorbach, Derk, Ryan, Neal
Publication year: 2012
Publication type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Sustainable Development
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 3:32 PM
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Introductory editorial: Governing systems transitions: theoretical and empirical explorations

This editorial introduces this special issue on the governance and governability of societal system transitions towards sustainability. This debate recently seems to be dominated by a wave of studies that more or less are inspired by the ideas of the so-called transition management approach. In order to broaden this debate, authors from various countries and a variety of theoretical and practical backgrounds are invited to explore sustainability transitions and their governance from a theoretical and/or empirical perspective. This editorial presents some core concepts, theoretical notions and problems that underlie the thinking on sustainability transitions. Next, it introduces the contributions that are part of this special issue and the research questions that they address.

Author: Koppenjan, Joop, Frantzeskaki, Niki, Loorbach, Derk, Charles, Michael ...
Publication year: 2012
Publication type: Journal article
Source: International Journal of Sustainable Development
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 3:32 PM
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Establishing sustainability science in higher education institutions: towards an integration of academic development, institutionalization, and stakeholder collaborations

The field of sustainability science aims to understand the complex and dynamic interactions between natural and human systems in order to transform and develop these in a sustainable manner. As sustainability problems cut across diverse academic disciplines, ranging from the natural sciences to the social sciences and humanities, interdisciplinarity has become a central idea to the realm of sustainability science. Yet, for addressing complicated, real-world sustainability problems, interdisciplinarity per se does not suffice. Active collaboration with various stakeholders throughout society-transdisciplinarity-must form another critical component of sustainability science. In addition to implementing interdisciplinarity and transdisciplinarity in practice, higher education institutions also need to deal with the challenges of institutionalization. In this article, drawing on the experiences of selected higher education academic programs on sustainability, we discuss academic, institutional, and societal chall…

Author: Yarime, Masaru, Trencher, Gregory, Mino, Takashi, Scholz, Roland W., O...
Publication year: 2012
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Sustainability Science
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 3:32 PM
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Melbourne’s transition to a water sensitive city

Abstract not available.

Author: Rogers, Briony Cathryn, Frantzeskaki, Niki, Skinner, Robert, Brown, Re...
Publication year: 2012
Publication type: Research report
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 4:32 PM
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Evaluating Jakarta's flood defence governance: the impact of political and institutional reforms

Flood defence management in Jakarta is a critical governmental activity, since Jakarta is a low-lying delta metropolis. Its protection against flooding is crucial for the continuing of economic activities. Despite the urgent need for action, the implementation of flood defences like the Eastern Flood Canal has been a lengthy and strenuous process. The first plans to construct the Canal date back to the early 1970s and gained support early during the policy design process but the actual construction only started in 2003 after institutional and political changes. Earlier evaluations point to a lack of financial resources as a cause of delayed implementation. We have explored the causes beyond budgetary reasons, and have used Kingdon's streams model to structure the policy design and implementation process, and to analyze the co-evolution of politics (the political stream), policies (the solutions stream) and social-ecological context (the problem stream). We have paid due attention to the effects of decentraliz…

Author: Simanjuntak, Imelda, Frantzeskaki, Niki, Enserink, Bert, Ravesteijn, W...
Publication year: 2012
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Water Policy
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 4:32 PM
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Stewardship of the biosphere in the urban era

We are entering a new urban era in which the ecology of the planet as a whole is increasingly infl uenced by human activities (Turner et al. 1990 Ellis 2011; Steffen et al. 2011a, b; Folke et al. 2011). Cities have become a central nexus of the relationship between people and nature, both as crucial centres of demand of ecosystem services, and as sources of environmental impacts. Approximately 60 % of the urban land present in 2030 is forecast to be built in the period 2000–2030 (Chap. 21). Urbanization therefore presents challenges but also opportunities. In the next two to three decades, we have unprecedented chances to vastly improve global sustainability through designing systems for increased resource effi ciency, as well as through exploring how cities can be responsible stewards of biodiversity and ecosystem services, both within and beyond city boundaries.

Author: Elmqvist, Thomas, Fragkias, Michail, Goodness, Julie, Güneralp, ...
Publication year: 2013
Publication type: Book chapter
Source: Urbanization, biodiversity and ecosystem services: challenges and opportunities. A global assessment / Thomas Elmqvist, Michail Fragkias, Julie Goodness, Burak Gueneralp, Peter J. Marcotullio, Robert I. McDonald, Susan Parnell, Maria Schewenius, Marte Sendstad, Karen C. Seto, Cathy Wilkinson (eds.)
Status: Live|Last updated:April 18, 2019 2:32 PM
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