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Improved prediction of a nurse's agitation-sedation rating in relation to automated sedation infusion levels in intensive care: a copula approach

Under or over-sedation has an adverse impact on a patient's wellbeing and on intensive care resources. Agitation-sedation cycling in critically ill patients involves continuous switching between agitation and sedation states. Frequent oscillations between these states are detrimental to patient's health. Better management of agitation-sedation states will allow clinicians to improve the efficacy of care.

Author: Tursunalieva, Ainura, Hudson, Irene, Chase, Geoffrey
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Conference paper
Source: Joint International Society for Clinical Biostatistics and Australian Statistical Conference 2018, (ISCB ASC 2018), Melbourne, Australia, 26-30 August 2018
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 1:32 PM
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Comovement in anomalies between the Australian and US equity markets

This study examines the comovement between eight prominent Australian asset pricing anomalies and their corresponding US counterparts. It confirms the continued existence of these anomalies in Australia and finds that these anomalies do not co‐move with their US counterparts. Given the conflicting findings in prior research on the integration or segmentation of the Australian and US equity markets, this study adds to the body of evidence supporting segmentation.

Author: Chiah, Mardy, Gharghori, Philip, Zhong, Angel
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article (In press)
Source: International Review of Finance
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 12:32 PM
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The grand titration: revisiting the work of Joseph Needham to address ethnocentrism in contemporary philosophy and society

Understanding different cultures has long been a hurdle for philosophy. In 1954, Joseph Needham commenced the most substantial literary example of such an undertaking, titled Science and Civilisation in China. The multi-volume historiography (currently 25 books) represents an awe-inspiring triumph of painstaking scholarship and remains one of the most significant western efforts to document Chinese thought to date, systematically detailing 25 centuries of Chinese discovery in mathematics, physics, chemistry, technology, medicine, and metaphysics. As well as documenting Chinese history, his magnum opus asks a major question: “Why did modern science, the mathematization of hypotheses… with implications for advanced technology, take its meteoric rise only in the West?” Needham sought to uncover why, despite centuries of prolific discovery, China was overtaken by the west and, consequently, why Asian thought is seen to be antiquated in comparison? Through answering this question, Needham's goal was a better under…

Author: Grinter, Aaron
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 1:32 PM
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Ethics, philosophy and the environment

Educated people everywhere now acknowledge that ecological destruction is threatening the future of civilization. While philosophers have concerned themselves with environmental problems, they appear to offer little to deal with this crisis. Despite this, I will argue that philosophy, and ethics, are absolutely crucial to overcoming this crisis. Philosophy has to recover its grand ambitions to achieve a comprehensive understanding of nature and the place of humanity within it, and ethics needs to be centrally concerned with the virtues required to create and then sustain economic, social and political formations that augment the life of ecological communities. Achieving this will involve reviving speculative philosophy and its quest to forge a synthesis of natural philosophy, history and art to enable humanity to redefine its place in the world in a practical way. Such a synthesis is required to oppose the corrosion of democracy and revive citizenship and the sense of responsibility this entails, but more fun…

Author: Gare, Arran
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 12:32 PM
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Editorial: creating the future

This is the editorial for the special edition of Cosmos and History, Creating the Future.

Author: Gare, Arran
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Cosmos and History: The Journal of Natural and Social Philosophy
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 12:32 PM
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‘C’mon, no one wants a dick pic’: exploring the cultural framings of the ‘dick pic’ in contemporary online publics

The ‘dick pic’ (DP) has become a growing cultural phenomenon in the digital realm, attracting increasing commentary regarding why men send them, with women’s responses constituting online social movements. Emerging research concerning the practice of DPs has been incredibly limited, with discussion focused on youth sexting practices and online harassment more broadly. However, research focusing specifically on the gendered dynamics of heterosexual boys’ and men’s engagement with DPs is significantly absent, and there has been no attempt to explore how the DP is framed in public commentary. We draw from a qualitative content analysis of social media and digital news articles, comics and blogs discussing the ‘dick pic’, highlighting four major ways in which the ‘dick pic’ is framed. These include: assumptions regarding men’s motivations, women’s production of ‘counterpublics’ and feminist resistance to the DP, satirical and humourous responses to DPs, and positive and transformative responses involving the acti…

Author: Waling, Andrea, Pym, Tinonee
Publication year: 2019
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Gender Studies
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 11:32 AM
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The judge as cartographer and guide: the role of fact-based directions in improving juror comprehension

Recent decades have seen increasing concern as to the ability of jurors to understand and apply judicial directions in criminal trials. This has prompted reforms ranging from procedural changes to changes to the instructions themselves. While such modifications may improve juror comprehension and application, research indicates that the improvements are modest. The so-called "fact-based" approach to jury instructions incorporates many features that research suggests would improve juror comprehension and application. This article presents results from a large-scale study looking at whether fact-based directions can enhance comprehension and application of the law. The results provide some support for this approach as a means of improving comprehension and application. A particularly important finding was the extent to which group deliberation influences juror comprehension, and the use of fact-based directions may provide a framework to assist decision-making and encourage jurors to focus on the issues in disp…

Author: Clough, Jonathan, Spivak, Ben, Ogloff, James R. P., Tinsley, Yvette, Y...
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Criminal Law Journal
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 11:32 AM
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Understanding the lived experience of cognitive remediation in schizophrenia: a qualitative comparison with an active control

Objective: cognitive remediation (CR) is a promising method of improving cognitive functioning in people with schizophrenia. Nevertheless, the lived experience of participation, and whether this differs from computer game (CG) playing control conditions, remains poorly understood. This study aimed to qualitatively compare the experience of participating in these 2 interventions. Method: forty-two outpatients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder completed a qualitative survey with 7 openended questions after completing 10 weeks of CR (n = 22) or CG (n = 20). An iterative and inductive thematic analysis was used to identify and tally reoccurring codes and facilitate their organization into overarching themes. Results: four high-order themes summarized the data: (a) Perceived benefits; (b) Experience of group; (c) Operation of group; and (d) Suggestions for improvement. Participation was described as enjoyable with similar levels of social and intrinsic benefits reported by study completers in both CR …

Author: Bryce, Shayden, Warren, Narelle, Ponsford, Jennie, Rossell, Susan, Lee...
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 11:32 AM
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Quantum fluctuations of a resonantly interacting p-wave Fermi superfluid in two dimensions

Using the Gaussian pair fluctuation theory, we investigate quantum fluctuations of a strongly interacting two-dimensional chiral p-wave Fermi superfluid at the transition from a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) to a topologically nontrivial Bardeen-Cooper-Schrieffer superfluid. Near the topological phase transition at zero chemical potential, mu = 0, we observe that quantum fluctuations strongly renormalize the zero-temperature equations of state, sound velocity, pair-breaking velocity, and Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) critical temperature of the Fermi superfluid, all of which can be nonanalytic functions of the interaction strength. The indication of nonanalyticity is particularly evident in the BKT critical temperature, which also exhibits a pronounced peak near the topological phase transition. Across the transition and towards the BEC limit we find that the system quickly becomes a trivial interacting Bose liquid, whose properties are less dependent on the interparticle interaction. The qualitative…

Author: Hu, Hui, Mulkerin, Brendan C., He, Lianyi, Wang, Jia, Liu, Xia-Ji
Publication year: 2018
Publication type: Journal article
Source: Physical Review A
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 11:32 AM
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The greenhouse gas profile of a 'hungry planet': quantifying the impacts of the weekly food purchases including associated packaging and food waste of three families

The United Nations Food and Agricultural Organisation (FAO) have estimated that 1.3 billion tonnes of food is wasted across the supply chain, while food security emerges as one of the leading challenges facing a growing global population. Life cycle assessment (LCA) can illustrate the environmental implications of food production, consumption and waste. In 2005, Peter Menzel and Faith D’Aluisio presented a photographic study in “Hungry Planet – What the World Eats” documenting what thirty families across twenty-four countries ate during the course of one week. The weekly food purchasing inventories of three of these families have been combined with LCA data to report the greenhouse gas intensity of these food purchases. The greenhouse gas emission profile including those of 128 varieties of fresh food, along with data on packaging material production and household food waste, have been used in the calculations. The paper will present the findings illustrating the contribution each component has: food, packagi…

Author: Verghese, Karli, Crossin, Enda, Clune, Stephen, Lockrey, Simon, Willia...
Publication year: 2014
Publication type: Seminar, speech or other presentation
Source: 19th IAPRI World Conference on Packaging, Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, 15-18 June 2014
Status: Live|Last updated:14 December 2018 11:32 AM
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