This study explores how corporate communication supports or detracts from achieving gender equity. Focusing on two Australian banks, Australia and New Zealand Banking Group and the Commonwealth Bank of Australia, as well as their offshore Indonesian subsidiaries, the study analyses the presence, extent and representation of gender equity disclosures over a decade of annual reporting and through a sample of other communication channels such as websites and sustainability reports. The study captures how these banks communicated gender equity as relevant to their operations, variations over time/ between countries, and highlights opportunities to further support gender equity through corporate communication.
This research analyses and emphasises the importance of data storage for online social network services. It highlights that it is not only crucial to have an optimised data placement to fulfil the users’ acceptable latency requirement in online social networks while incurring the minimum cost for social network providers, but also to keep the data placement effective and efficient over time. The research proposes a dynamic cost effective data placement and replication strategy in geo-distributed cloud services to minimise the monetary cost for social network providers while guaranteeing the individual access latency and availability requirements for social network users.
The economic dispatch of electrical energy to the consumer using large-scale thermal generating units is one of the fundamental issues in operation and management of large power systems. In this study, two novel optimization techniques have been proposed, are orthogonal particle swarm optimization and multi-gradient particle swarm optimization algorithms. Developing new techniques such as these techniques for solving the economic dispatch issue is necessary with the rapid technological evolution in smart power grids. Thus, the power systems have become more cost-effective, stable and reliable. This study will help the electrical engineers to manage and govern electrical energy to the consumer.`
Conducting integration testing is a challenging task because production systems are generally neither suitable nor available for software testing and the cost to replicate such an environment is usually too high. Testing environment emulation is an emerging technique for creating a testing environment with realistic executable models of production-like behavior. Aiming to achieve high development productivity and ease of use, we have developed a novel domain-specific modeling approach for testing environment emulation. Our approach is based on model-driven engineering, where developers work on high level abstraction models and executable code will be generated by transforming these models using code generators.
This study investigated the role of attachment processes in the development of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Excessive reassurance seeking is considered a common safety-seeking behaviour in the context of OCD, which has received less research attention than other symptoms. The current study found a robust association between attachment anxiety and reassurance-seeking behaviour. The results suggested that individuals with a negative view of the self, coupled with a positive view of others, were more vulnerable to developing excessive reassurance-seeking behaviour. This research highlights the importance of considering attachment processes in the development and maintenance of OCD symptoms.
Individuals who are newly visually impaired should undergo an orientation and mobility training to help them learn essential safe travel. Orientation refers to the ability to place objects via spatial cognition in an environment and being aware of one’s location and its association with the environments. Part of this sensory training encompasses the strengthening of the mental mapping skills. Mental mapping helps a person to determine their current location and their intended destination with relation to other objects in their current environmental space. This research uses a computer-based assessment tool to evaluate the mental mapping skills of the participants.
As the demands of modern astronomical instruments and computer simulations continue to grow, the capability of the local desktop computer is being noticeably outpaced. This research investigates solutions to two key challenges facing astronomers. The first is the need to inspect Gigapixel astronomical imagery at native resolution, which can be achieved on ultra-high resolution displays, and the combination of visualisation technologies forming a display ecology. The second is the need to store and process data that significantly exceeds the capacity and processing capability of the desktop computer, by harnessing the power of high-end graphics cards in a virtual cloud desktop.
The PhD thesis has been devoted to developing a reliable topology optimisation algorithm for designing the microstructures of phononic crystals with desirable functionalities. The outcomes of the research promise a wide range of applications in manipulating the propagation of sound and elastic waves in materials and structures, such as sound filters, waveguides, resonant cavities, super lens as well as acoustic cloaking devices. The proposed methodology can be readily and easily extended to design various lightweight materials and structures with novel sound and vibration properties in civil and mechanical engineering.
Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors (TKIs) are small molecules that show anti-proliferative activity against cancer cells. An understanding of the structure of how a new TKI behaves in solution and when bound to its target tyrosine kinase is crucial for further drug development. However, existing approaches such as x-ray crystallography require specialized equipment and/or restrictive conditions that obviate structure determination. Therefore, in our study, we propose an alternative approach which combines ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy with high level computational chemistry to explore electronic and structural changes encountered upon modulating micro- and macro-environment of two tyrosine kinase inhibitors AG1478 and SKF86002.
Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychological disorder characterised by an intense preoccupation with one or more perceived flaws in physical appearance. Despite the distress and impairment associated with this disorder it remains understudied and poorly understood. This thesis employed quantitative and qualitative research methods across three studies to investigate neurocognitive and psychological factors involved in the development and maintenance of the disorder. A specific pattern of cognitive deficits were identified in BDD affecting executive function, visual information processing and visual memory. Qualitative results suggest shame, intolerance of uncertainty and ‘not just right experiences’ are key constructs requiring further attention.